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Glossary of Credit Card Terms and Definitions
Whether or not you like credit cards or their widespread use it is evident
that they are here to stay and in any given year you may be bombarded with
literally hundreds of solicitations to fill out applications for this card
or that. Use the list of credit card terms and definitions below to
acquire the vocabulary of the industry and be sure you understand what the
promotional material is really saying.
· Account set up fee
This is an initial fee that some banks or providers charge to start up your
· Annual fee
In lieu of higher interest rates throughout the year, some companies charge
an annual fee, ranging anywhere from $10 and up, and charge you lower
interest from month to month.
This refers to the form that you fill out to give all of your personal and
financial history to the credit company. They will want to know if you have
any existing credit cards.
This means that the provider or lender has said yes to your request, whether
it is for a loan or a credit card.
This term actually stands for Annual Percentage Rate and it is what
companies charge, per year, on the balance of your card.
· Authorized use
This refers to the appropriate use of a credit card by it’s rightful owner.
· Bad credit
This term seems negative in connotation but simply refers to a credit
history that, for whatever reason, has not been able to stay on track.
· Balance transfer
This means that you take the existing balance on your current credit card
and transfer the money you owe to another credit card, preferably one with a
better rate or options.
This refers to the money that comes in and goes out on a monthly basis.
Keeping a budget can help you to stay on track financially.
· Business cards
These are cards that make purchases or transactions for a business purpose
only and they allow for write offs and tax perks at the end of the year.
· Cash back
This term refers to the option of receiving cash off of your credit card,
similar to a debt card. Not all cards give this option.
Items of value that you can use to guarantee the payment of loans or debts.
For example, you can use a car as collateral to take out a loan and if for
some reason you cannot pay the loan, your car becomes the payment.
This refers to the act of combining all of your debts into one smaller,
easier to make payment, generally with less interest per month.
· Credit bureau
This is the company that keeps your credit history on line.
· Credit history
Credit history refers to your personal financial background and will detail
any loans, credits cards, mortgages, etc that you have held and how you have
· Credit qualification
Qualification refers to the necessary attributes that allow you to become
the card holder of a particular card. For example, some cards require a
minimum annual salary.
· Credit type
Just as it sounds, this refers to what credit type you have and it is based
on your history. If you have always made your payments on time and have
never defaulted, your credit type would be considered “good”.
This is how much money you owe.
These cover a number of different costs from set up to annual fees and are
particular to the given institution.
· Financial future
This term requires you to look ahead, to plan and to budget, for what you
what down the road. You should consider your financial future when making
purchases and choices.
· Fixed APR
An annual percentage rate that does not change over a given period of time.
Some APRs are variable, which means that they change or fluctuate.
· Flexible payments
This terms refers to a company’s ability to accommodate your payment needs
Referring here to financial goals, this term asks what you want for yourself
financially and sets a plan for how to achieve it. A goal is an intended
desire that one plans to reach.
· Gold card
A premium card, the Gold card offers those with great credit ratings a much
higher limit than your every day credit card. (An average limit is $1500.00
whereas a Gold card limit can start as high as $5000.00)
· Grace period
A period of time in which a provider will allow you to go without making
payments or charging you interest.
This terms means to be assured that something will come through, whether you
get a low interest guarantee or a guaranteed approval.
· Interest free
As it states, this means that there will be no interest charged for whatever
reason, be it a promotional offer or a grace period. Certainly, some terms
and conditions will apply.
· Interest rates
These are variable percentages that providers charge per year for the use of
· Introductory interest rates
Many companies will give you a lower introductory interest rate to get your
business. After a period of time, you will pay a higher charge, similar to
other cards. The benefit is that they will usually give you a low interest
rate on your balance transfer and if it is high, you can save money in
interest that you are paying.
This is similar to responsibility as it means that you are in charge of the
card and what happens to it. Many companies will say that they are not
liable for lost or stolen cards.
Unfortunately, different from your wants, your needs are things that you
must have to live a safe, healthy life. Examples are food, shelter, and
· No credit
This refers to people that have not previously carried a credit balance and
paid it off whether it was via credit card or some type of loan.
· No hassles
This is a promotional pitch that promises you will be given great service
and rewards with no difficulties.
Every month you are required to put money towards what you owe which is
considered your monthly payment.
· Personal cards
A personal credit card is used for your own use to make purchases that are
needed for various reasons. This is different from a business card, which
makes purchases that support or benefit a business operation.
· Personal loans
A personal loan is a loan that is taken out in various amounts to help you
through for whatever reason. Reasons could include home maintenance, school,
travel, or just money to get through a rough spot.
A slang term for a credit card.
· Platinum card
One of the premium cards, a platinum card holder knows few boundaries in
terms of credit limit.
· Premium cards
This is a group of cards for people or businesses with outstanding credit.
They are offered special privilege cards that have higher limits, lower
interest, or no limit at all.
· Prepaid card
Some credit card companies have cards with the option of paying first and
using later. This is generally for people who have had some sort of credit
difficulty. You would put money onto the card and then have that amount to
This refers to the various deals that companies offer to lure you to their
business. Some deals include low interest, balance transfer rewards, points
or air miles, or even money towards vehicles. If you’re in the market for a
card, you can look around to see who has the best promotion.
This refers to the insurance you can have on your card to protect you in
times that you may not be able to make payments, such as the loss of a job.
In addition, there is insurance to protect you if your card is lost or
The company or lender from which you are obtaining a credit card.
· Regular credit card (see personal card)
This is a credit card that is used for personal purchases.
This refers to things that a company may give you for choosing their card,
such as points towards various items or interest free balance transfers.
This means that you must have collateral of some sort to have the card. You
can put money down on the card before hand and use up to that amount.
· Security deposit
This is a fee you put down to ensure repayment. In a way, it is like
insurance for the lender just as a damage deposit is for a landlord.
· Sign up fee
Some companies or providers charge a sign up fee. You can find promotional
offers or companies that do not charge this initial fee.
· Student cards
These credit cards have a lower limit on them and often, a lower interest
rate. They are helpful for students who are just starting out and do not
have much credit history. You can find out about them through various banks
· Terms and conditions
This refers to the rules and regulations you are agreeing to when you become
the credit card holder. For example, one condition may be that you make a
minimum monthly payment.
· Travel rewards
This is one of the perks offered with some credit cards and gives you miles
or points for every purchase, which you can later use to put towards the
cost of a trip or vacation.
· Unauthorized use
This refers to when your card has been inappropriately used without
permission. All unauthorized use should be immediately reported.
This is a card that is free and clear and without the limits of needing
collateral in order to spend. You can slowly increase the credit limit once
you are approved and have shown that you can make your payments.
About The Author
Grant Donald is a successful internet entrepreneur and author whose
websites provide moneysaving and credit management advice for consumers
purchasing a variety of consumer financial products such as
Recommended Frugal Reading
Living On A Dime is known as one of the very best resources of its kind to help you get out of debt without depriving yourself.